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DOJ Tells Court to Nullify ACA; What’s Next?

After a period of relative stability, the future of the Affordable Care Act has once again been thrown into uncertainty.

In a surprise move, the Department of Justice announced that it would not further pursue an appeal of a ruling by U.S. District Court Judge Reed O’Connor, and instead asked the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals to affirm the decision he made in December 2018.

O’Connor had ruled that Congress eliminating the penalty for not complying with the law’s individual mandate had in fact made the entire law invalid.

But, even though the DOJ won’t be pursuing defense of the law and challenging the ruling on appeal, a number of states’ attorneys general have stepped up to fight the ruling.

What this means for the future of the employer mandate is unclear, as the court process still has a long way to go. The ruling could be overturned on appeal and invariably whatever the 5th Circuit decides, the case will likely be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Already there has been fallout in the private health insurance market since the individual mandate penalty was eliminated, but the employer mandate, which requires that organizations with 50 or more full-time or full-time-equivalent workers offer health coverage to their employees, remains intact.

As the case winds on, it will be some time before anything changes. The 5th Circuit has not yet scheduled arguments. The DOJ has asked for a hearing date for July 8, and Democratic states’ attorneys general agreed.

Despite the DOJ’s announcement, the law stands and applicable large employers must continue complying with its requirements.

Analysis

The move was surprising because in the past President Trump had signaled that he wanted to keep parts of the ACA, particularly the barring of insurers from denying coverage based on pre-existing conditions. If the entire law is scrapped, so will that facet – as well as other popular provisions, like allowing adult children to stay on their parents’ policy until the age of 26.

Trump said his administration has a plan for something much better to replace the ACA.

Democrats have introduced some legislation to try to stabilize markets and improve on some ACA shortfalls. Their legislation aims to cut premiums for individuals buying on exchanges by expanding premium tax credits. Another bill would reaffirm the pre-existing condition protections, and restore enrollment outreach resources, which have been cut back under the Trump administration.

But with a divided Congress, the likelihood of anything reaching Trump’s desk are slim to none.

Meanwhile, the success of the ACA has been spotty. In some parts of the country, usually in areas with high population density, competition among plans ensures lower prices for people shopping on exchanges. But in smaller regions, cost increases are rampant.

A new analysis by the Urban Institute, a liberal-leaning think-tank, finds that more than half (271) of the country’s 498 rating regions have only one or two insurers participating in the ACA marketplace. Those regions are disproportionately in sparsely populated areas.

Regions with little competition tend to have much higher premiums. In a region with only one insurer, the median benchmark plan for a 40-year-old nonsmoker is $592 a month. That compares to $376 for the same consumer in a region with at least five plans.


Regulators Take Steps to help Grandfathered Plans

Regulators are in the early stages of creating rules that make it easier for health plans that were grandfathered in before the Affordable Care Act took effect to continue providing coverage.

The number of workers enrolled in plans that were in effect before the ACA was enacted in 2010 has been shrinking, and as of 2018, some 16% of American workers who were enrolled in group health plans were in grandfathered plans.

Under the ACA, those plans do not have to abide by the same regulations as plans that took effect after the law’s implementation.

In February 2019, the Internal Revenue Service, the Employee Benefits Security Administration and the Health and Human Services Department issued a request for information from grandfathered plans. The goal is to determine whether there are opportunities for the regulators to assist plans to preserve their grandfathered status in ways that would benefit employers, employees, and their families.

While the effort will only affect a small amount of employer-sponsored plans, the move is significant as it looks like the ultimate goal is to further loosen rules for grandfathered plans.

A plan is considered grandfathered under the ACA if it has continuously provided coverage for someone (not necessarily the same person, but at all times at least one person) since March 23, 2010 and if it has not ceased to be a grandfathered plan during that time.

Grandfathered plans have certain privileges that other group health plans that were created after that date do not have, as the latter are all required to comply with all of the rules under the ACA.

Under the ACA, grandfathered plans do not have to comply with certain provisions of the law.

These provisions include coverage of preventive health services and patient protections (for example, guaranteed access to OB-GYNs and pediatricians).

Other ACA provisions apply to grandfathered plans, such as the ACA’s waiting period limit.

Grandfathered status

Grandfathered health plans may make routine changes to their coverage and maintain their status.

However, plans lose their grandfathered status if they choose to make significant changes that reduce benefits or increase costs for participants.

Some of the questions that the three departments are asking plan administrators are:

  • What actions could the departments take to assist group health plan sponsors and group health insurance issuers to preserve the grandfathered status of a group health plan or coverage?
  • What challenges do health plans and sponsors face regarding retaining the grandfathered status of a plan or coverage?
  • What are your primary reasons for retaining grandfathered status?
  • What are the reasons for participants and beneficiaries remaining enrolled in grandfathered group health plans if alternatives are available?
  • What are the costs, benefits and other factors when considering whether to retain grandfathered status?
  • Is preserving grandfathered status important to group health plan participants and beneficiaries? If so, why?

Responses to the request for information are due by March 27.


As Drug Prices Skyrocket, This Top 10 List Will Shock You

It’s no secret that the cost of pharmaceuticals is going through the roof. You’ve heard the stories of price-gouging by some companies that have jacked up prices thousands of percent.

Drug costs are starting to weigh heavily on the cost of care, in turn driving up health insurance premiums, which individuals, employees and employers are all feeling. The cost of some medications is so extreme that a single dose may far surpass the total premium paid for coverage.

Also, most people never really know the true price of a drug unless they are 100% on the hook for medications under their health plan. Often, you may have a copay that may differ depending on the type of drug, so people usually only see what they pay. However, every year more people are on the hook for the price of their drug due to high-deductible insurance plans and formulary changes.

The website Goodrx.com, a service for comparing and locating the best prescription prices, publishes a list every year of the most expensive drugs in the country.

While few individuals will pay these full amounts, some do because of their poor choice of health plans (like ones that saddle them with 100% of drug costs) or because they have been placed in a high-deductible health plan. The following is the top 10 list, in reverse order, of monthly prices that are set by the drug companies and known as the wholesale acquisition cost:

  1. Cuprimine – $31,426

Cuprimine removes copper build-up caused by Wilson’s disease. Patients take one capsule of Cuprimine after every meal. The list price is $261.89 per pill.

  1. Harvoni – $31,500

Harvoni is the first, once-daily combination drug used to treat Hepatitis C. Patients usually take it for 12 weeks. The cost per tablet: $1,125.

  1. Firazyr – $32,468.40

Firazyr is an injectable medicine used after an attack of hereditary angioedema. The typical patient suffers two to four attacks per month. A pack of three syringes costs $32,468.

  1. Juxtapid – $36,992

Juxtapid is used to treat people with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, a gene mutation that leads to cardiovascular disease. The dosage is about one day. The cost per capsule: $1,321.

  1. H.P. Acthar – $38,892

Also referred to as Acthar, this medicine is used to treat multiple conditions, including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, infantile spasms, ophthalmic conditions, and psoriatic arthritis. The dosage is one vial a month, which costs $38,892 (for perspective, a vial cost $40.17 in 2001 and the price shot up after a new manufacturer took over).

  1. Myalept – $42,137

Myalept is used to treat leptin deficiency in patients with generalized lipodystrophy. Myalept is self-administered once a day in measured doses from vials, each one of which lasts about three days. The cost per vial: $4,213.

  1. Chenodal – $42,570

Chenodal is used to dissolve gallstones. Dosing varies and pills are manufactured at different strengths. Sadly, while this medicine is off-patent, which means that other manufacturers could legally produce generics, Chenodal is protected under what is referred to as a “closed distribution system.” That prevents generic drug-makers from purchasing a brand name drug. The list price for a month’s supply of Chenodal is $42,570.

  1. Cinryze – $44,140

Cinryze is used to treat hereditary angioedema, a rare life-threatening genetic condition that causes swelling in various parts of the body, including hands, face and throat. A one month’s supply runs to 16 vials, and the cost per vial is $2,758.

  1. Daraprim – $45,000

Daraprim is commonly given to AIDS and transplant patients to prevent infection, and is used to treat toxoplasmosis in otherwise healthy people. This is the medicine that got Martin Shkreli in hot water after the company at which he was CEO in 2015 raised the price per pill from $13.50 a pop to $750 almost overnight. While Daraprim can now often be obtained for $473 a tablet, the list price remains at around $45,000 for a month’s supply of 60 pills.

  1. Actimmune – $52,321

This is used to treat osteopetrosis and chronic granulomatous disease, which causes the immune system to malfunction. Patients use about 12 single-use vials a month, and each vial costs $4,360.


Employers Say Pharmacy Benefit Manager Contracts too Complex, Opaque

Three in five employers think their contracts with pharmacy benefit managers are overly complex and not transparent, according to a new study.

The study, which found that employers would prefer that PBMs are more transparent with their pricing and would like them to focus less on rebates and value-based designs, comes as PBMs are under increased scrutiny for their opaque pricing practices.

The survey of 88 very large employers, “Toward Better Value: Employer Perspectives on What’s Wrong with the Management of Prescription Drug Benefits and How to Fix It,” was conducted by Benfield and commission by the National Pharmaceutical Council.

The findings drive home some of the common complaints about PBMs:

Poor transparency – Employers said that current pharmacy benefit management models lack transparency:

  • 30% said they understand the details of their PBM contracts.
  • 40% said they fully understand their PBMs’ performance guarantees.
  • 63% said PBMs are not transparent about how they make money.

Complex contracts – Nearly three in five employers surveyed said PBM contracts are overly complicated, ambiguously worded, and often benefit the PBM at the expense of the employer. Tops on employer’s wish list: clearer definitions and simpler contracts.

Focusing less on rebates – Seventy percent of employers said they thought PBMs should offer other ways besides rebates to reduce prices.

Employers also said rebates detract their attention from more important factors, like reducing employee coinsurance or deductibles or getting better access to the most effective pharmaceuticals.

Two suggestions they had: Discounts or point-of-sale rebates, in which patient payments reflect a post-rebate price.

Getting value for employees – Employers want to understand the thought process when PBMs create formularies and exclusionary list decisions, such as the clinical, financial and economic impacts.

Employers had these suggestions:

  • Using value-based insurance design, where high-value drugs cost patients less than low-value drugs.
  • Setting payments based on the effectiveness of a drug.

Proposed Rule Would Allow Employers to Reimburse Staff for Health Premiums

The Trump administration is moving ahead with new regulations that would make it easier for employers to enter into health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs) with their employees, a practice that can be severely penalized under the Affordable Care Act.

Under the proposed regulations – issued by the departments of Labor, Treasury and Health and Human Services – employees would be allowed to shop and pay for their own coverage using tax-free HRAs that are set up by their employers.

Under the proposed rule, employers that offer traditional health insurance would be allowed to fund an HRA with up to $1,800 per year. The money in the HRA could be used to reimburse employees for certain medical expenses, as well as for premiums for health insurance policies or stand-alone dental benefits.

And offering HRAs used to help employees pay for individual health insurance premiums would count as an offer of coverage to satisfy the employer mandate under the ACA.

More options, lower costs

Administration officials said expanding HRAs would give employees more options in terms of health coverage, and it also would reduce costs and administrative burdens on employers.

If enacted, the new regulations would undo Obama administration guidance (as it was not actually written into the regulations) barring employers from paying into HRAs to help workers pay for health insurance premiums from policies they buy on the open market or on government-run exchanges.

Companies that were caught in such arrangements faced a hefty fine of up to $36,000 a year.

The employer mandate would stay intact but the proposed rule would allow an employer to satisfy the mandate by funding HRAs for its workers. Under the employer mandate, organizations with 50 or more full-time or full-time-equivalent employees are required to purchase “affordable” health coverage that covers at a minimum 10 essential benefits as outlined under the law.

HRAs must be affordable

The key is that the HRA must also be affordable under the proposed rules. That would depend in part on the amount the employer contributes to the HRA.

The agencies proposing the new regulations said in an announcement that they would provide further guidance on the HRA-specific affordability test.

Funds going into HRAs would be exempt from federal income and payroll taxes. Additionally, employers would be able to deduct the amount they put into HRAs from their taxes.

The proposed rule would also require employers that offer HRAs to allow a worker to opt out and instead claim a federal premium tax credit to purchase coverage on the individual exchanges.

This is the early part of the rule-making. The proposed regulations will have to go out for public comment before final rules are written and implemented.


OSHA Stays Serious About Temp Worker Safety

While the Trump administration has eased off a number of regulations and enforcement actions during the past two years, Fed-OSHA continues focusing on the safety of temporary workers as much as it did under the Obama presidency.

This puts the onus not only on the agencies that provide the temp workers, but also on the companies that contract with them for the workers.

As evidence of its continued focus on temp workers, OSHA recently released guidance on lockout/tagout training requirements for temporary workers. This was the third guidance document released in 2018 and the 10th in recent years that was specific to temp workers.

One reason OSHA is so keen on continuing to police employers that use temporary workers, as well as the staffing agencies that supply them, is that temp workers are often given some of the worst jobs and possibly fall through the safety training cracks.

OSHA launched the Temporary Worker Initiative in 2013. It generally considers the staffing agency and host employer to be joint employers for the sake of providing workers a safe workplace that meets all of OSHA’s requirements, according to a memorandum by the agency’s office in 2014 to its field officers.

That same memo included the agency’s plans to publish more enforcement and compliance guidance, which it has released steadily since then.

Some of the topics of the temp worker guidance OSHA has released since the 2014 memorandum include:

  • Injury and illness record-keeping requirements
  • Noise exposure and hearing conservation
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Whistleblower protection rights
  • Safety and health training
  • Hazard communication
  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Powered industrial truck training
  • Respiratory protection
  • Lockout/tagout

Joint responsibility

OSHA started the initiative due to concerns that some employers were using temporary workers as a way to avoid meeting obligations to comply with OSHA regulations and worker protection laws, and because temporary workers are more vulnerable to workplace safety and health hazards and retaliation than workers in traditional employment relationships.

With both the temp agency and the host employer responsible for workplace safety, there has to be a level of trust between the two. Temp agencies should come and do some type of assessment to ensure the employer meets OSHA standards, and the host employer has to provide a safe workplace.

Both host employers and staffing agencies have roles in complying with workplace health and safety requirements, and they share responsibility for ensuring worker safety and health.

A key concept is that each employer should consider the hazards it is in a position to prevent and correct, and in a position to comply with OSHA standards. For example: staffing agencies might provide general safety and health training, and host employers provide specific training tailored to the particular workplace equipment/hazards.

Successful joint employer relationship traits

  • The key is communication between the temp agency and the host to ensure that the necessary protections are provided.
  • Staffing agencies have a duty to inquire into the conditions of their workers’ assigned workplaces. They must ensure that they are sending workers to a safe workplace.
  • Ignorance of hazards is not an excuse.
  • Staffing agencies need not become experts on specific workplace hazards, but they should determine what conditions exist at the host employer, what hazards may be encountered, and how best to ensure protection for the temporary workers.
  • The staffing agency has the duty to inquire and verify that the host has fulfilled its responsibilities for a safe workplace.
  • And, just as important, host employers must treat temporary workers like any other workers in terms of training and safety and health protections.

For a look at all 10 of the guidance documents OSHA has issued in the last few years, visit the agency’s temp worker page: www.osha.gov/temp_workers/


Proposed Rules Include New Ways to Satisfy Employer Mandates

The IRS has proposed new regulations that could let employers avoid Affordable Care Act employer mandate-related penalties by allowing them to reimburse employees for insurance they purchase on health insurance exchanges or the open market.

The regulations are not yet finalized, but the IRS has issued a notice explaining how applicable large employers, instead of purchasing health coverage for their workers, would be able to fund health reimbursement accounts (HRAs) to employees who purchase their own plans.

Under current ACA regulations, employers can be penalized up to $36,500 a year per employee for reimbursing employees for health insurance they purchase on their own.

Employer mandate refresher
Applicable large employers (ALEs) – employers with 50 or more full-time employees or full-time equivalents – must offer health coverage to at least 95% of full-time employees that includes:

  • Minimum essential coverage: The plan must cover 10 essential benefits.
  • Minimum value: The plan must pay at least 60% of the costs of benefits.
  • Affordable coverage: A plan is considered affordable if the employee’s required contribution does not exceed 9.56% (this amount is adjusted annually based on the federal poverty line; 9.86% will be the 2019 affordability percentage).

ALEs that fail to offer coverage are subject to paying a fine (called the responsibility payment) to the IRS.

How the new rule would work
The IRS is developing guidance on how HRAs could be used to satisfy the employer mandate.

In its recent notice, the agency addressed how the regulation will play out, as follows:

Requirement that ALEs offer coverage to 95% of their employees, and dependents if they have them – Under the proposed regs and the notice, an employer could satisfy the 95% test by making all of its full-time employees and dependents eligible for the individual coverage HRA plan.

Affordability – The employer would have to contribute an amount into each individual account so that the remaining out-of-pocket premium cost for each employee does not exceed 9.86% (for 2019, as adjusted) of the employee’s household income.
This could be a logistical nightmare for employers, and the IRS noted that employers would be able to use current affordability-test safe harbors already in place in regulations.

Minimum value requirement – The notice explains that an individual coverage HRA that is affordable will be treated as providing minimum value for employer mandate purposes.

What you should do

At this point, employers should not act on these regulations. The IRS is aiming for the regs to take effect on Jan. 1, 2020.

The final regulations have yet to be written, so they could change before they are promulgated. We will keep you informed of developments.


Number of Employers Offering Coverage Grows

The number of companies offering health insurance to their employees has risen for the first time in a decade, according to new research from the Employee Benefit Research Institute.

In 2017, almost 47% of private-sector employers offered health insurance, up from 45.3% in 2016. The percentage had previously been dropping steadily since 2008, when more than half (56.4%) were providing coverage.

The trend continues that the larger the company, the more likely it is to offer coverage, with 99% of firms with 1,000 or more employees offering health benefits.

Interestingly, the pre-Affordable Care Act numbers are higher than the post-ACA numbers, despite the fact that the law required employers with 50 or more full-time workers to provide most of their staffers with health coverage.

And the fact that numbers started ticking higher in 2017 points not so much to the results of the ACA, but that the labor market is tightening and as competition for talent increases, more employers are adding health coverage to their benefit packages, according the EBRI’s analysis.

The increases have been across all business sizes.

The percentage of employers offering health benefits in 2017, compared to 2015, is:

  • Employers with fewer than 10 employees:5% in 2017, up from 22.7% in 2015.
  • Employers with 10–24 employees:2%, up from 48.9%.
  • Employers with 25–99 employees:6%, up from 73.5%.
  • Employers with 100‒999 employees3%, up from 95.1%.

 

Another interesting development is the percentage of workers who are eligible to receive health coverage at their employer also ticked up to the highest level since 2014, the year the ACA took effect. But the number was still not as high as in 2013.

The percentage of employees eligible for health insurance is as follows:

  • 2013:8%
  • 2014:4%
  • 2017:8%

 

The takeaway: Coverage matters

The EBRI attributes the increases in both the above metrics on the fact that workers have been migrating to jobs that offer health coverage. It also puts the changes down to the strong economy, the tighter job market and the fact that group health insurance rates have been increasing at a moderate clip of about 5% a year.

It also indicates that more employers are offering coverage to recruit and retain talent.

There has been a significant drop-off among small employers offering coverage since the recession hit in 2008 (when 35.6% of firms with fewer than 10 employees offered it, a percentage that dropped to its nadir in 2016 of 21.7%).

EBRI analysts cite many factors for the larger decline in coverage offering among the smallest employers, including the effects of the recession on their businesses and the fact that their employees could get coverage on exchanges at relatively low rates thanks to government subsidies.

The overall uptick in 2017 was largely driven by small employers, meaning that they are likely having to step up to compete for talent. As competition for talent will likely continue to grow, it’s likely that more employers will continue adding health benefits, in addition to other voluntary benefits, to sweeten the pot.

If you would like to know more about your options, feel free to contact us.

 

 


Huge Investigation Uncovers Possible Generic Drug Pricing Cartel

An investigative report by the Washington Post has uncovered an alleged cartel among generic drug manufacturers to fix the price of some 300 medications, adding new fuel to the debate about raging price increases in the pharmaceutical industry.

While a number of name-brand drug makers have been named and shamed for their massive price increases – sometimes hundreds or thousands of percent higher – the article looks at how something similar has been going on in the generic drug market.

A case that started as an antitrust lawsuit brought by two states has spurred a massive investigation into alleged price-fixing by at least 16 companies that make 300 generic drugs. Now 47 states are party to the lawsuit, seeking to recoup perhaps billions of dollars.

In addition, pharmacies and other businesses have filed their own lawsuits against the generic drug makers. One such suit documents huge price hikes – like a 3,400% increase in the price of an anti-asthma medication – and investigators believe that generic drug producers colluded to raise prices in tandem or not make their products available in some markets or through specific pharmacy chains.

The scale of the alleged collusion was summed up by Joseph Nielsen, an assistant attorney general and antitrust investigator in Connecticut, whose office has taken the lead in the investigation: “This is most likely the largest cartel in the history of the United States,” he told the Washington Post.

If the allegations are true, the parties affected run the gamut from consumers, who have high copays or high deductibles for their pharmaceuticals, to hospitals and insurance companies. And many health industry observers were surprised to learn the news, considering that generics are supposed to be a safety net for patients to ensure access to quality medications at a reasonable price.

Two former executives of one generic drug maker, Heritage Pharmaceuticals, have pleaded guilty to federal criminal charges. They are now cooperating with the Justice Department.

The article describes the coziness among executives from competing generic drug makers and how they would allegedly collude to raise prices.

There has been no estimate of how much the generic drug companies allegedly overcharged over the years, but even if it’s a fraction of the annual sales of $104 billion a year, it would be substantial.

The drug makers that the Washington Post was able to reach denied the allegations.

Coordinated price hikes ‘almost routine’

The generics industry used to be highly competitive, according to the story, but over the years, things changed and suddenly allegedly “coordinated price hikes on identical generic drugs became almost routine,” the Post wrote.

The alleged price-fixing affects 300 generic drugs, according to the report. Generics account for 90% of the prescriptions written, however they only account for 23% of the total drug spend in the country, according to the Association for Accessible Medicines.

And still, the prices of on a benchmark set of older generic drugs in the Medicare prescription-drug program dropped 14% between 2010 and 2015.

But, for the 300 drugs in question, prices went up, according to the lawsuits. That’s why pharmacies have also come to the fore to sue. They were on the front lines when they started noticing marked increases of hundreds of percent in the prices of some generic medications.

If the collusion turns out to be true, it essentially reverses the possible gains when a generic drug enters the market. According to the Federal Drug Administration, prices fall up to 50% when a second generic enters the market. And once there are six or seven companies making the same generic drug, the price usually falls 75% from the original cost of the brand name pharmaceutical.


Few Employees Get the Most out of Their Health Savings Accounts

While many health benefits advisers have been recommending that employees with health savings accounts use them as savings vehicles that can be tapped for future medical care, a new study finds that most people are spending the bulk of the funds.

The study by Willis Towers Watson found that 65% of workers were using their HSAs to pay for current medical expenses, and only 8% of them used them as savings vehicles for future medical expenses. The rest used their accounts only when necessary, and saved the remainder.

In short, many people are not taking full advantage of these plans. But all is not lost, with our help you can educate your staff who have HSAs on how to get the most out of them and also secure a more secure future for themselves when they will at some point need the money for medical procedures.

The study found that only 45% of employees surveyed had more than $5,000 stashed away in their HSA. So, in essence they are mostly being used as spending accounts.

Additionally, the study found that 45% of employees had chosen not to participate in their employer’s HSA plan.

One issue that’s confronting employees with HSA and 401(k) plans is deciding how much to allocate for each one. The study found that:

  • 22% of financially adept employees followed the recommended strategy of maximizing their 401(k) contributions up to their company’s match before contributing to their HSA.
  • 25% contributed to their HSA before their 401(k) if the 401(k) didn’t have a matching employer contribution, a strategy also recommended by financial experts.

 

FSAs also not optimized

Another area where a majority of employees fail to optimize their savings vehicles is flexible spending accounts. FSAs have a “use it or lose it” feature, meaning that most of the funds set aside have to be spent on medical expenses during the year, although a portion can be carried over to the next year.

Still, 32% said they had difficulties in spending all of the money in their FSA in any given year. On the flip side, 48% said they wished they had put more money into the account.

Both FSAs and HSAs are funded with pre-tax dollars from the employees’ salaries.

 

The takeaway

Willis Towers Watson recommends that employers educate their staff on how to get the most mileage out of their HSAs and provide online tools to help them decide if they should use their HSAs to pay for medical expenses or pay them out of pocket.

These online tools for making “save versus spend” decisions will often be on the HSA account’s portal or website. The tools may include retirement savings calculators and health care price transparency services.

The tools are most valuable as they can quickly help employees make sound and educated decisions. It’s been found in previous studies that one-third of employees access their HSA portals on a regular basis:

  • 38% view their account information on a monthly basis
  • 33% view their account information on a quarterly basis.

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